The goal of NERACOOS is to coordinate international efforts related to coastal ocean observing in the vicinity of the Gulf of Maine/Bay of Fundy and adjacent areas of the continental shelf. Specifically, the NERACOOS mission is:
- To lead the development, implementation, operation, and evaluation of a sustained, regional coastal ocean observing system for the northeast United States and Canadian Maritime provinces, as part of the United States Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS),
- To promote the development, assessment, and dissemination of data and data products that meet the needs of end users, and
- To advocate through education and outreach for the regional, national, and global ocean observing system and the application of scientific assessments using environmental data to meet societal needs.
NERACOOS was incorporated as a non-profit organization in November, 2008. Since then, the organization has grown and developed a significant number of partner institutions in academia, industry, federal, state, and local governments, and NGOs. NERACOOS-sponsored DFO research is centered at the Bedford Institute of Oceanography (BIO) and St. Andrews Biological Station (SABS), and consists of three separate activities:
- Development, testing, and application of a nested surface wave forecast model for the North Atlantic, with a focus on the Gulf of Maine, Scotian and New England Shelves. The ultimate intent is to run these forecasts in conjunction with circulation forecast for the same region to benefit NERACOOS stakeholders and the general public.
- Development and testing of a warning product for the presence of harmful algal blooms (HABs) in the surface waters at the mouth of the Bay of Fundy, based on satellite remote sensing data from the area. This product is calibrated/validated using weekly sampling of surface waters from April through October on a grid of seven stations by scientists from SABS.
- Routine sampling of hydrographic properties and nutrients on a line of ten stations across the mouth of the Northeast Channel as part of the biannual AZMP missions.
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